Урок 25. lesson twenty-five

Do newer premium bonds have a better chance of winning?

Сослагательное наклонение

В английском языке только глагол to be имеет особую форму сослагательного наклонения. Она очень проста: were для всех лиц.

(if) I were если бы я был
(if) he (she, it) were если бы он (она, оно) был (была, было)
(if) we (you, they) were если бы мы (вы, они) были
If I were younger … Если бы я был(а) моложе …
If the design were better … Если бы конструкция была лучше…

Остальные глаголы особой формы сослагательного наклонения не имеют. Для выражения желательности, необходимости, возможности или предположительности действия употребляются формы, совпадающие с Past Indefinite или Past Perfect, а также глаголы should, would, may, might, could в сочетании с инфинитивами. Более подробно мы расскажем об этом в разделе об условных предложениях.


Listening comprehension

For items 1–10 listen to a dialogue and decide whether the statements 1–10 are TRUE according to the text you hear, or FALSE, or the information on the statement is NOT STATED in the text. You will hear the text twice. You have 20 seconds to look through the statements.

(pause 20 seconds)

Now we begin

The New Pool

Andy: Have they finished work on your new swimming pool yet, Charles? When I passed by yesterday, it was being filled with water, wasn’t it?

Charles: That’s right. We had our first swim in it this morning. The concrete path around it is going to be widened, but everything will have been completed before the end of the week.

Andy: You must be pleased. How long is it?

Charles: It’s only 25 feet long and 15 feet wide, but that’s big enough to cool down in, isn’t it?

Andy: And to get a spot of exercise in. If you normally swim twenty lengths in a big pool, you can get the same benefit if you swim up and down forty or fifty times in a small one, can’t you?

Charles: Yes, but I’m hardly aiming at getting into the Olympic team, am I?

Andy: How deep is it? You can’t dive into it, can you?

Charles: Oh yes, you can! It’s eight feet in depth at one end. The diving-board will be installed tomorrow. By the way, we’re holding a swimming party on Sunday, if it’s not too cold. You will come, won’t you?

Andy: I’d love to come, but I’m not much of a swimmer, and I can barely dive at all. I’ll probably drown.

Charles: Well, I’m hardly the world’s best swimmer myself.

You have 20 seconds to check your answers.

(pause 20 seconds)

Now listen to the text again.

(text repeated)

This is the end of the listening comprehension task.

Part 1 «Listening» (15 minutes)

Maximum points – 10

For items 1–10 listen to a dialogue and decide whether the statements 1–10 are TRUE according to the text you hear (A), or FALSE (B), or the information on the statement is NOT STATED in the text (C). You will hear the text twice.

  1. Charles’s swimming pool is completely ready.
  2. Charles swam that morning.
  3. The swimming pool is just fifteen feet long.
  4. Charles is satisfied with the swimming pool’s size.
  5. Charles’s friend thinks that his swimming pool is not big enough for proper exercise.
  6. Charles learned how to swim a few weeks before.
  7. Charles’s friend wants to dive in his swimming pool.
  8. The swimming pool is eighteen feet deep.
  9. Charles’s swimming party will take place if it’s warm enough.
  10. Charles’s wants his friend to attend the swimming party.

Part 3 «Use of English» (35 minutes)

Maximum points – 20

Task 1. Questions 1–10

For items 1–10, read the text below. Fill in the blanks by choosing the word that fits best from the options given below.


The dog is no longer top of the pet world. He is now (1) __________ in British homes by the cat. After years of steady (2) __________, the dog (3) __________ reached a peak of 7 million in 1993. Since then the (4) __________ of dogs has declined and there has been a slow (5) __________ in numbers. Meanwhile the number of cats has crept up almost (6) __________. The reason is one of economics. A cat is a much more (7) __________ and less demanding pet for couples who are out at work all day. If you have to be a dog, it pays to be a faithful one. You could become seriously wealthy. Last week, a dog called Whisp found herself richer by £50,000 on the (8) __________ of her master, John Jones. It was Mr Jones’ (9) __________ that the money should be used ‘to find a (10) __________ home with a person who will love and care for my dog Whisp for the rest of her life’.

  A B C
1 numbered unnumbered outnumbered
2 growth growing grow
3 popularity populace population
4 popularity populace population
5 reduce reduction reducing
6 noticeably noticed unnoticed
7 practicable practical practiced
8 dying death dead
9 intensity intense intention
10 suitable suiting suited

Task 2. Questions 11–20

For items 11–20, choose the right answer A, B or C to complete the second sentence using the word given, so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence.

Example: 0. The pool isn’t deep enough to swim in.too
The pool ……………………. swim in.
A. is too deep to
B. is too shallow to
C. is not too shallow to


11. The boy said that he hadn’t done anything wrong.denied
The boy ……………………………. anything wrong.
A. denied having to do
B. denied having done
C. denied not doing

12. After seeing all the candidates they will announce their decision.once
They’ll announce their decision …………………. all the candidates.
A. once they have seen
B. when they see at once
C. having seen once

13. He talked to me for ages about his new girlfriend.kept
He ……………… about his new girlfriend.
A. kept talking to me
B. kept to talk to me
C. kept me busy listening14. It was reported that thousands of people were affected by the rail strike.said
Thousands of people ………………………… by the rail strike.
A. said that they were affected
B. are said to have been affected
C. were said to be affected15. The only exercise she does is jogging in the morning.apart
She doesn’t do any exercise …………. in the morning.
A. apart from to jog
B. apart for a jog
C. apart from jogging16. You should be in bed by now!high
It’s ………………………………… went to bed!
A. a high time you
B. high time you
C. high necessity you17. I’ll only phone if there’s a problem.hear
Don’t expect to ………………… there is a problem.
A. hear from me unless
B. hear from me if
C. hear from me lest18. I hope you haven’t got the flu coming on.down
I hope you are ………………….. with the flu.
A. not down
B. not coming down
C. coming down away19. Basically, the only reason I did it was because I was bored.out
I just did it ………………… , to be perfectly honest.
A. out of boredom
B. out of being bored
C. not to be bored out20. As soon as I came, I regretted ever being there.than
No ……………………………………………. I began to regret ever being there.
A. sooner than I had come
B. sooner had I come than
C. sooner than I came that

Should + Инфинитив

Исторически should является формой прошедшего времени глагола shall. В отрицательной форме should часто сливается с not: should not = shouldn’t. Перечислим основные значения should:

1) Should является вспомогательным глаголом для образования времени «будущее в прошедшем» (урок 17):

I knew I should meet him. Я знал, что встречу его.
He said we should soon see our friends. Он сказал, что мы скоро увидим своих друзей.

2) Should должен (модальный глагол) отличается от must меньшей категоричностью. Should — это не приказание, а совет, указание на моральную обязанность.

You should stop smoking. Вам следовало бы бросить курить.
It should be done immediately. Это нужно сделать немедленно.

3) Should в сочетании с Indefinite Infinitive часто значит должен делать, иногда с оттенком но не делаю, а в сочетании с Perfect Infinitive — должен был бы сделать, но не сделал.

I should study tonight. Я должен/Мне нужно сегодня вечером заниматься.
You should not smoke so much. Вам не следовало бы так много курить (а вы курите).
You shouldn’t have said that. Вам не следовало этого говорить (а вы сказали).

4) Should выражает вероятное или возможное действие.

I think you should be able to translate the article. Я думаю, что вы (вероятно) сможете перевести эту статью.
That should be him. Это, должно быть, он.

5) Should часто употребляется в таких оборотах:

I should like я хотел бы
I should say я бы сказал
I should think я бы полагал

Should в этих сочетаниях придает высказыванию более скромный, вежливый, менее категоричный тон.

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